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What is Osteochondroma?

Description of disease

Osteochondroma is a benign tumor that forms from cartilage or bone tissue. It can occur in any part of the skeleton, but is most often found in the area of the knees, shoulders, pelvis, and ribs. Osteochondromas rarely cause pain and are usually discovered incidentally during X-ray examination.


  • Single osteochondromas
  • Multiple osteochondromas


Osteochondromas usually do not manifest symptoms until they reach a certain size or start exerting pressure on surrounding tissues or nerves. Possible symptoms include pain, swelling, or reduced mobility in the affected area.


The causes of osteochondroma may be genetic, but the exact reasons are unknown. Osteochondromas can occur as a result of excessive growth of cartilage tissue during bone development.


Diagnosis of osteochondroma involves X-ray examination, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


Small, asymptomatic osteochondromas usually do not require treatment and can simply be observed. In cases of symptoms or risk of fracture, surgical removal of the tumor may be necessary.


Since the exact causes of osteochondroma are unknown, there is no specific prevention. However, regular check-ups and consultations with a doctor can help detect and manage the disease in a timely manner.


An orthopedist, traumatologist, or surgeon may be involved in the diagnosis and treatment of osteochondroma.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.