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What is Osteoporosis?

Description of the disease:

Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease characterized by a decrease in bone density and changes in their microarchitecture. This leads to increased bone fragility and a higher risk of fractures.


  • Primary osteoporosis (simple)
  • Secondary osteoporosis (symptomatic, which develops against the background of other diseases or the intake of certain medications)


Osteoporosis often progresses without symptoms until the first fracture. Later, there may be pain in the spine, decrease in height, stoop, fractures with minimal trauma.


The causes of osteoporosis can be diverse, including genetic factors, lack of calcium and vitamin D, low physical activity, hormonal changes in postmenopausal women.


The diagnosis of osteoporosis includes measuring bone mineral density (Densitometry), clinical blood tests, X-ray studies.


Treatment of osteoporosis aims to strengthen bones, increase bone density, and prevent fractures. It includes taking medications, physical activity, and adjusting a balanced diet.


Prevention of osteoporosis includes regular physical activity, intake of calcium and vitamin D, giving up bad habits, timely referral to a doctor for preventive check-ups.


Treatment and diagnosis of osteoporosis is carried out by an orthopedic doctor, rheumatologist, or endocrinologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.