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What are Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI)?

Description of the disease

Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a group of infections that affect the upper respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, larynx, and bronchi.


  • Viral ARI
  • Bacterial ARI


Symptoms of ARI may include runny nose, sore throat, cough, headache, weakness, and fever.


ARI are caused by various viruses and bacteria, which are transmitted through the air or by droplets.


Diagnosis of ARI is usually based on clinical symptoms, as well as laboratory analysis of throat swabs.


Treatment of ARI aims to relieve symptoms and eliminate the causative agent, if it is caused by a bacterial infection.


Prevention of ARI includes adhering to hygiene practices, vaccination (for some types of ARI), and avoiding contact with sick individuals.


If ARI is suspected, it is advisable to consult a general practitioner or pediatrician.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.