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What Is an Open Fracture?

Description of the condition

An open fracture is a bone injury in which the bone penetrates the skin, creating an open wound. This is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.


  • Open fractures are classified by severity: open fracture type I, open fracture type II, and open fracture type III.


Symptoms of an open fracture may include bleeding, visible bone, an open wound, pain, swelling, and limited mobility.


Open fractures are usually caused by trauma, such as a car accident, fall from height, or sports injury.


Diagnosis of an open fracture involves clinical examination, X-rays, and possibly computed tomography (CT) for a more detailed assessment of the injury.


Treatment for an open fracture includes wound debridement, realignment of bone fragments (reduction), and fixation using a cast or surgical operation.


Prevention of open fractures includes following safety rules, wearing protective gear when participating in sports, and handling sharp objects with care.


An open fracture is typically treated by an orthopedic surgeon or traumatologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.