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What is Paranephritis?

Description of the disease

Paranephritis is an inflammatory kidney disease, most commonly caused by a bacterial infection. Although this condition is rare, it can lead to serious complications if not treated promptly.


  • Acute paranephritis
  • Chronic paranephritis


  • Pain in the lower back
  • Fever
  • Swelling
  • Urinary dysfunction


The main causes of paranephritis are the penetration of bacteria into the kidney tissue. This can occur due to the spread of infection through the urinary tract or as a result of injury. Paranephritis can also be caused by immune disorders or bacteremia.


Diagnosis of paranephritis includes urine analysis, ultrasound of the kidneys, computed tomography, and kidney tissue biopsy.


Treatment of paranephritis includes taking antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, abundant drinking, and bed rest. In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary.


Prevention of paranephritis includes proper hygiene of the urinary organs, timely treatment of urinary tract infections, and strengthening the immune system.


Diagnosis and treatment of paranephritis are carried out by urologists and nephrologists.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.