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What is a Fracture?

Description of the disease

A fracture is a bone injury that involves a break or crack. This can occur due to trauma, falls, or weakened bones.


  • By type of break - open and closed fractures.
  • By form of break - transverse, oblique, comminuted fractures.


Symptoms of a fracture include pain, swelling, bleeding, inability to move the limb, change in shape or position of the bone.


Fractures can occur due to injury, weakened bones from osteoporosis, malignant tumors.


Diagnosis of a fracture includes X-rays, computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


Treatment depends on the type and location of the fracture. This may include a cast, surgery, rehabilitation.


Prevention of fractures involves strengthening bones through proper nutrition, physical activity, and avoiding risky situations.


Treatment and diagnosis of fractures are carried out by a traumatologist-orthopedist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.