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What is a Hip Fracture?

Description of the condition

A hip fracture is a serious injury in which the integrity of the hip bone is compromised. This condition requires immediate medical attention and may require surgical intervention.


Hip fractures are classified by the location and nature of the bone damage. They can be femoral neck, femoral shaft, or intertrochanteric fractures.


  • Pain in the hip area
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Inability to move or bear weight on the leg
  • Malposition of the limb


Hip fractures most often occur as a result of trauma, especially in the elderly, whose bones are more fragile. However, they can also be caused by osteoporosis, malignant tumors, or other bone diseases.


Diagnosis of a hip fracture is typically done through X-rays or CT scans. Sometimes, an MRI may be necessary.


Treatment of a hip fracture typically involves surgical intervention, but in some cases, especially in elderly patients, conservative treatment may be used.


To prevent hip fractures, it is recommended to strengthen the bones by consuming calcium and vitamin D, as well as preventing falls and injuries.


Hip fracture treatment is carried out by an orthopedic surgeon or traumatologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.