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What is a Fracture of the Tibia Bone?

Description of the Disease

A fracture of the tibia bone is a tear or crack in the tibia bone, which is located on the front part of the leg between the ankle and the foot joints. This type of fracture usually occurs as a result of trauma or a sudden blow to the shin area.


  • Closed fracture
  • Open fracture
  • Displaced fracture
  • Non-displaced fracture


Symptoms of a tibia bone fracture may include swelling, severe pain, impaired leg function, bruising, and swelling in the area of the fracture.


A tibia bone fracture usually occurs as a result of trauma or improper stress on the leg. This can happen from a fall, car accident, sports injury, or other sudden impact on the leg.


X-rays and computed tomography (CT) are used to diagnose a tibia bone fracture.


Treatment for a tibia bone fracture may include wearing a cast, fixation with metal pins, or surgery using plates and screws.


To prevent a tibia bone fracture, it is recommended to avoid risky activities, use protective gear when participating in sports, strengthen bone tissue through proper nutrition and moderate physical activity.


A traumatologist-orthopedist treats tibia bone fractures.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.