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What is Peritonitis?

Description of the disease

Peritonitis is an inflammatory condition of the abdominal cavity that can occur due to various reasons, such as infection, trauma, or perforation of the abdominal organs. It is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.


  • Primary peritonitis - occurs without previous abdominal diseases.
  • Secondary peritonitis - develops as a complication of other diseases, such as appendicitis, stomach ulcers, or intestinal perforation.


  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Lack of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Fever and general weakness


Peritonitis can occur due to infection, trauma, perforation of the abdominal organs, or complications after surgery.


The diagnosis of peritonitis is usually based on clinical symptoms, X-rays, computed tomography, or laparoscopy.


Treatment of peritonitis includes administration of antibiotics, surgical intervention to remove the source of infection, and maintenance of vital body functions.


Prevention of peritonitis includes timely treatment of abdominal infections, prevention of trauma, and complications after surgery.


The treatment of peritonitis is conducted by a surgeon.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.