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What is Pyelonephritis?

Description of the disease

Pyelonephritis is an inflammatory disease of the kidneys, which is most often caused by a bacterial infection. It can affect one or both kidneys, causing serious health problems.


  • Acute pyelonephritis
  • Chronic pyelonephritis


  • Pain in the lower back
  • Frequent urination
  • Fever
  • Chills


The main cause of pyelonephritis is the penetration of bacteria into the kidneys through the urinary tract. This can occur with cystitis, urolithiasis, or other urinary system diseases.


To diagnose pyelonephritis, urine and blood tests, ultrasound of the kidneys, and computer tomography may be used.


Treatment of pyelonephritis usually includes the use of antibiotics, bed rest, and adequate fluid intake. In some cases, hospital treatment may be required.


  • Observance of personal hygiene rules
  • Timely treatment of urinary tract infections
  • Consumption of an adequate amount of fluid


If pyelonephritis is suspected, it is advisable to consult a urologist or nephrologist for examination and treatment.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.