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What is Barrett's Esophagus?

Description of the disease

Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which the normal cells lining the esophagus are replaced by abnormal cells that may lead to esophageal cancer. This usually occurs due to damage from the backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus.


  • Intraepithelial neoplasia
  • High-grade dysplasia
  • Low-grade dysplasia


Symptoms of Barrett's esophagus include heartburn, difficulty swallowing, and chest pain.


The main cause of Barrett's esophagus is the constant backflow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus (reflux).


Diagnosis includes esophageal endoscopy, biopsy, and other investigative methods.


Treatment may include medication, procedures, and in some cases, surgery.


Prevention of Barrett's esophagus includes weight control, avoiding foods that cause heartburn, and abstaining from alcohol and tobacco.


A gastroenterologist specializes in treating patients with Barrett's esophagus.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.