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What is Pneumonia?

Description of the disease:

Pneumonia is an inflammatory lung disease that can be caused by various types of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. As a result of inflammation in the lungs, fluid-filled cavities are formed, which hinders breathing.


Pneumonia can be classified based on various criteria, including the causative agent (bacterial, viral, fungal), the place of occurrence (hospital-acquired, community-acquired, atypical), and the severity of the disease (mild, moderate, severe).


  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Fever
  • Weakness and fatigue


Pneumonia can occur as a complication after a cold, flu, or other respiratory infections. It can also be caused by the influence of various microorganisms.


The diagnosis of pneumonia includes physical examination, X-ray, blood and sputum analysis.


Treatment of pneumonia depends on its type and severity, and may include taking antibiotics, antiviral drugs, antifungal agents, as well as symptomatic therapy.


  • Vaccination
  • Avoiding contact with the sick
  • Maintaining immunity


Pneumonia is treated by a pulmonologist or a therapist.