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What is Gout?

Description of the disease

Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis caused by the deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints. This condition usually affects the big toe, although it can also impact other joints. Gout is typically accompanied by acute attacks of pain and inflammation in the joints.


  • Acute gout attack
  • Chronic gout


  • Acute painful attacks in the joints
  • Swelling and redness of the joints
  • Burning and itching sensation in the affected joint area


Gout is usually associated with an excess of uric acid in the blood, which can occur due to impaired kidney function, excessive alcohol consumption, certain medications, or genetic factors.


Diagnosis of gout involves analyzing joint fluid for the presence of uric acid crystals, as well as clinical examination of the joints.


Treatment of gout usually involves prescribing medication to lower uric acid levels, relieve pain and inflammation, as well as lifestyle and dietary changes.


Prevention of gout includes avoiding excessive alcohol consumption, weight control, physical activity, and consumption of nutrient-rich foods.


Gout treatment is conducted by a rheumatologist.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.