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What is Peptic Ulcer?

Description of the disease

A peptic ulcer is a chronic stomach condition characterized by the formation of ulcers on its mucous membrane. The ulcer usually forms on the wall of the stomach or duodenum.


  • Gastric
  • Penetrating
  • Obliterating
  • Progressive


  • Pain and burning in the epigastric area
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite and weight


The main causes of peptic ulcers are Helicobacter pylori infection, use of NSAIDs, stress, excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking.


  • Fibrogastroscopy
  • Gastroenterography
  • Laboratory blood and stool tests


Treatment of peptic ulcers includes the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, antisecretory agents, antibiotics (when Helicobacter pylori infection is detected), and adherence to a specific diet.


Prevention of peptic ulcers includes avoiding stress, moderate alcohol consumption, quitting smoking, and timely treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection.


To diagnose and treat a peptic ulcer, it is necessary to consult a gastroenterologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.