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What is Throat Cancer?

Description of the disease

Throat cancer is a malignant tumor that occurs in the tissues of the throat. It includes cancer of the stationary part of the larynx, cancer of the front part of the neck, cancer of the oropharynx, and cancer of mixed localization.


  • Cancer of the stationary part of the larynx
  • Cancer of the front part of the neck
  • Oropharyngeal cancer
  • Cancer of mixed localization


  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Pain or discomfort when swallowing
  • Voice changes
  • Shortness of breath


The main causes of throat cancer are smoking, alcohol consumption, human papillomavirus (HPV), and poor diet.


  • Physical examination
  • Fibrolaryngoscopy
  • CT and MRI of the larynx
  • Biopsy


Treatment of throat cancer may include surgical intervention, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, as well as a combination of these methods.


Prevention of throat cancer includes quitting smoking, moderate alcohol consumption, healthy eating, and regular medical check-ups.


Treatment of throat cancer is carried out by an otolaryngologist or oncologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.