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What is Esophageal Cancer?

Description of the disease

Esophageal cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in the tissues of the esophagus. This disease can be potentially life-threatening, so it is important to know its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.


  • Epithelial tumors
  • Sarcomas
  • Other rare types of cancer


  • Difficulty and pain when swallowing
  • Chest pain
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Unexplained weight loss


The main cause of esophageal cancer is considered to be the prolonged exposure to various harmful factors, such as smoking, alcohol abuse, obesity, prolonged suppression of food, esophageal diseases, etc.


Various methods may be used to diagnose esophageal cancer: gastroscopy, biopsy, computed tomography, and others.


Treatment of esophageal cancer depends on the stage of the disease and may include surgical removal of the tumor, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and other methods.


Main measures for preventing esophageal cancer include a healthy lifestyle, quitting smoking and alcohol abuse, and regular medical observation.


Treatment of esophageal cancer is carried out by an oncologist-gastroenterologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.