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What is Vulvar Cancer?

Description of the disease

Vulvar cancer is a malignant tumor that develops on a woman's external genitalia, specifically on the vulva.


  • Keratinizing vulvar cancer
  • Basal cell vulvar cancer
  • Vulvar melanoma


  • Itching and burning in the vulvar area
  • Pain during urination
  • Formation of lumps, ulcers, warts


The exact causes of vulvar cancer are unknown, but risk factors include human papillomavirus (HPV), smoking, weakened immune system, and others.


Various methods are used to diagnose vulvar cancer, including physical examination by a doctor, biopsy, colposcopy, and magnetic resonance imaging.


Treatment for vulvar cancer may include surgical removal of the tumor, radiation and chemotherapy, as well as targeted therapy.


Prevention of vulvar cancer includes HPV vaccination, avoiding smoking, and regular gynecological check-ups.


Vulvar cancer is treated by a gynecologic oncologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.