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What is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)?

Description of the disease

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is an inflammatory condition of the esophagus caused by the return of stomach contents back into the esophagus.


  • Some forms of classification include GERD by severity, by cause of occurrence, by the presence of complications, etc.


  • Severe burning in the chest area
  • Heartburn
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Feeling of a lump in the throat


The disease is based on a malfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter, caused by various factors such as improper diet, obesity, pregnancy, etc.


Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and X-rays are usually used to establish the diagnosis of GERD.


Treatment may include taking medication, lifestyle changes, and in severe cases, surgical intervention may be required.


Prevention of GERD includes proper nutrition, weight control, avoiding overeating, and consuming certain products.


Gastroenterologist treats GERD.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.