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What Is Rectovaginal Fistula?

Description of the disease

A rectovaginal fistula is a pathological condition in which an opening is formed between the rectum and the vagina. This fistula can cause various problems such as unpleasant odor, vaginal discharge, painful sexual intercourse, and other unpleasant symptoms.


  • Simple rectovaginal fistula
  • Complex rectovaginal fistula


  • Vaginal discharge
  • Unpleasant odor
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Pain in the pelvic area


Rectovaginal fistulas can occur due to various factors: trauma during childbirth, pelvic surgeries, chronic diseases, cancer, etc.


Various methods are used to diagnose rectovaginal fistula, including gynecological examination, ultrasound, colonoscopy, and others.


Treatment of rectovaginal fistula can be conservative or surgical, depending on its type and severity. This may include taking medications, physiotherapy, as well as surgery to repair the tissue defect.


Prevention of rectovaginal fistula includes proper personal hygiene, timely treatment of infections and pelvic organ diseases, as well as prevention of birth injuries.


For the diagnosis and treatment of rectovaginal fistula, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist or a colorectal surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.