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What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS)?

Description of the disease

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a condition in which a person periodically stops breathing during sleep due to partial or complete blockage of the airways.


  • Central sleep apnea
  • Mixed sleep apnea
  • Obstructive sleep apnea


  • Frequent awakenings during sleep
  • Loud snoring
  • Morning headaches
  • Decreased concentration and attention during the day


The problem can be caused by obesity, enlarged tonsils, genetic factors, and other reasons.


Polysomnography and measurement of oxygen levels in the blood during sleep are used for diagnosis.


Treatment may include the use of special devices to maintain breathing during sleep, lifestyle changes, and surgical intervention.


Prevention of OSAS includes weight control, avoiding alcohol and sleep aids before bedtime, as well as special exercises to strengthen throat muscles.


Treatment and diagnosis are carried out by a somnologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.