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What is Poland Syndrome?

Description of the disease:

Poland Syndrome is a rare congenital condition characterized by the absence or underdevelopment of the pectoralis major muscle - the small chest muscle.


Poland Syndrome is classified as a chest wall anomaly.


  • Absence of the pectoralis major muscle
  • Deformation of the chest wall
  • Limitation of arm movements
  • Shoulder deformity


The causes of Poland Syndrome are not fully understood. Congenital defect of the pectoralis major muscle may be associated with genetic or environmental factors.


Diagnosis of Poland Syndrome includes clinical examination, X-rays, and, if necessary, computed tomography of the chest wall.


Treatment of Poland Syndrome may include surgical correction of chest wall deformity and physical therapy to restore arm function.


Since the causes of Poland Syndrome are not fully understood, there are no specific preventive measures. However, early diagnosis and timely treatment can improve the prognosis for patients.


Poland Syndrome is treated by a surgeon and a rehabilitation specialist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.