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What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Description of the disease

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic condition characterized by disruption of intestinal function without organic changes in its structure. The disorder is related to the functioning of the nervous system and intestinal muscles.


  • IBS with predominance of constipation
  • IBS with predominance of diarrhea
  • Mixed variant of IBS


  • Pain and discomfort in the abdomen
  • Changes in bowel rhythm
  • Incomplete bowel emptying
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Urination problems


The exact causes of IBS are not established, but it is believed that disruptions in the functioning of the nervous system and intestinal muscles, as well as psychological factors, may play a role in the development of the disease.


Diagnostics is based on symptoms and exclusion of other possible diseases. It may include intestinal examination, laboratory tests, and examination of the patient's mental state.


Treatment is aimed at improving symptoms and managing stress. It includes dietary changes, medication, physical activity, and psychotherapy.


Prevention of IBS is based on a healthy lifestyle, regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and stress management.


To diagnose and treat IBS, it is necessary to consult a gastroenterologist.

Note: This material is provided for information purposes only and is not medical advice.