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What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)?

Description of the disease

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a rare but serious illness caused by toxins produced by certain types of bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. These toxins can cause a sudden immune system reaction, leading to various symptoms and complications.


  • TSS caused by Staphylococcus aureus
  • TSS caused by Streptococcus pyogenes
  • Non-toxic shock


  • High fever
  • Severe weakness and dizziness
  • Skin rash, especially on the palms and soles
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Loss of appetite and nausea


TSS is most commonly associated with tampon use, insertion of intravenous catheters, surgery, burns, and childbirth.


Diagnosis includes blood analysis for toxins, bacterial culture, and physical examination.


Treatment usually involves the use of antibiotics, removal of the source of infection (such as tampons or intravenous catheters), and symptomatic therapy.


For prevention, it is important to maintain hygiene when using tampons, intravenous catheters, and to monitor the condition of wounds. It is also important to promptly seek medical attention when signs of infection appear.


Toxic shock syndrome is treated by an infectious disease specialist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.