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What is Scoliosis?

Description of the disease:

Scoliosis is a condition characterized by lateral and rotational curvature of the spine. It most often develops in childhood, but can also occur in adulthood.


  • By age of onset: juvenile, adolescent, adult
  • By degree of curvature: mild, moderate, severe


Symptoms of scoliosis may include uneven shoulders, uneven shoulder blades, back fatigue, back pain, limited mobility, and chest deformity.


Causes of scoliosis may be genetic, neuromuscular disorders, spinal development disorders, trauma, pathological processes.


Diagnosis of scoliosis is performed through a doctor's examination, X-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging.


Treatment of scoliosis may include physical therapy, wearing a brace, massage, therapeutic exercises. In severe cases, surgical intervention may be required.


Prevention of scoliosis includes maintaining proper posture, regular physical exercises, wearing a backpack on both shoulders, weight control.


Diagnosis and treatment of scoliosis are performed by an orthopedic surgeon.

Note: This material is provided solely for informational purposes and is not medical advice.