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What is Blindness?

Description of the disease

Blindness is a condition in which a person completely or partially loses vision. This can be caused by various reasons, such as damage to the optic nerve, eye injury, or disruption of the nervous system.


  • Total blindness: a person cannot see anything
  • Partial blindness: some vision is retained
  • Night blindness: difficulty seeing in low light conditions


  • Blurred vision
  • Seeing spots in front of the eyes
  • Decreased sensitivity to light


Blindness can be caused by various eye diseases (glaucoma, cataracts), injuries, infections, or disorders of the nervous system.


Diagnosis of blindness involves an eye examination, measurement of visual reaction, as well as special examinations of the fundus of the eye and the optic nerve.


Treatment of blindness depends on its cause. It can involve medication therapy, surgical intervention, or rehabilitation measures.


To prevent blindness, it is important to take care of eye health, regularly undergo preventive check-ups with an ophthalmologist, and avoid traumatic situations.


An ophthalmologist conducts the diagnosis and treatment of blindness.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.