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What is Rectal Fistula?

Description of the disease

Rectal fistula is a pathological opening or canal connecting the rectum to the external environment. This condition is most often caused by chronic inflammatory processes, such as purulent paraproctitis or Crohn's disease.


  • Internal fistula
  • External fistula
  • Combined fistula


  • Discharge of pus or blood from the perineum
  • Pain and discomfort in the anal area
  • Itching and irritation


The main causes of rectal fistula are chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, injuries, tumors, or infections.


Methods used to diagnose rectal fistula include rectal examination, ultrasound, and contrast X-ray examination of the intestine.


Treatment of rectal fistula may include conservative methods such as antibiotics, or surgical intervention if necessary.


To prevent rectal fistula, it is recommended to avoid perineal trauma, timely treat inflammatory bowel diseases, and lead a healthy lifestyle.


Rectal fistula treatment is carried out by a proctologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.