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What is Breech Presentation of the Fetus?

Description of the condition

Breech presentation of the fetus is the position of the fetus in the mother's womb, in which its pelvic part is down, close to the cervix. This position may complicate the process of childbirth and requires special attention during pregnancy.


  • Complete breech presentation - when the pelvic part of the fetus is directed towards the cervix
  • Incomplete breech presentation - in this case, the shoulders or hips of the fetus are closer to the cervix


Usually, breech presentation is not accompanied by symptoms and is detected by the doctor during the examination of the pregnant woman.


The causes of breech presentation of the fetus may be related to fetal development abnormalities, multiple pregnancies, abnormal position of the uterus, or scarring on the cervix.


Diagnosis of breech presentation is carried out using ultrasound, digital examination of the cervix, and internal examination vaginally.


Treatment of breech presentation depends on the gestational age and the condition of the fetus. In some cases, a cesarean section may be necessary.


Prevention of breech presentation includes proper care of the mother's health and regular visits to the doctor during pregnancy.


For the diagnosis and treatment of breech presentation of the fetus, it is necessary to consult an obstetrician-gynecologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.