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What Is Cystocele?

Description of the Disease

A cystocele is a form of urinary bladder prolapse that manifests as the bulging of its wall through the weak ligaments and muscles of the pelvic floor. This typically occurs in women, especially after childbirth.


  • Primary cystocele: associated with natural weakening of the pelvic floor muscles or stretching of the ligaments due to childbirth.
  • Secondary cystocele: arises due to trauma or surgery in the pelvic area.


  • Feeling of pressure or fullness in the pelvic and bladder area
  • Frequent urination
  • Involuntary urination when coughing, sneezing, or lifting heavy objects


Cystocele can be caused by weakening of the pelvic floor muscles due to childbirth, surgical interventions, trauma, or increased pressure in the abdominal cavity.


Medical examination and ultrasonography of the pelvic area are performed to diagnose cystocele.


Treatment for cystocele may include pelvic floor strengthening exercises, physiotherapy, medications, or surgical intervention.


Preventive measures for cystocele include strengthening the pelvic floor muscles and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.


For the diagnosis and treatment of cystocele, it is advisable to consult a gynecologist or urologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.