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What is Epstein-Barr Virus?

Description of the disease

The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a virus that belongs to the human herpesvirus group. It can cause a range of illnesses, from common cold symptoms to serious complications such as lymphoma and mononucleosis.


  • The Epstein-Barr virus belongs to the herpesvirus family
  • It belongs to the gamma-herpesvirus subfamily


  • High temperature
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fatigue


Infection occurs through airborne droplets, contact with infected saliva, or blood.


Diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms, as well as laboratory tests for the presence of antibodies to the virus.


There is no direct treatment for the Epstein-Barr virus, usually symptomatic measures are prescribed - rest, humidifying the air, antiviral drugs.


  • Avoid close contact with the sick
  • Observe hygiene rules
  • Strengthening the immune system


An infectious disease specialist is involved in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, and a consultation with an otolaryngologist may also be required to assess the throat condition.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.