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What is Pectus Excavatum?

Description of the condition

Pectus excavatum, also known as funnel chest, is a congenital or acquired condition in which the chest has a caved-in or sunken appearance. This can lead to compression and deformation of the organs in the chest cavity.


  • Funnel chest deformity
  • Sternochondrocostal deformity


  • Protruding chest bone
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tenderness in the chest area


The causes of pectus excavatum can be genetic or related to abnormal fetal development. Trauma or injury to the chest can also lead to this condition.


Diagnosis involves a physical examination by a doctor, chest X-ray, computerized tomography, and other tests to determine the extent of the deformity.


Treatment may involve wearing a brace, physical therapy, or surgical intervention to correct the deformity.


Preventing this condition involves maintaining good posture, strengthening exercises for the chest muscles, and avoiding traumatic situations.


Pectus excavatum treatment is conducted by a thoracic surgeon or a plastic surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.