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What is an Ingrown Toenail (Onychocryptosis)?

Description of the condition

Onychocryptosis, or ingrown toenail, is a condition in which the nail grows and penetrates the surrounding tissue, causing painful symptoms.


  • Acute form
  • Chronic form


Symptoms of an ingrown toenail may include pain, redness, swelling, and pus drainage at the site of nail ingrowth.


Causes of an ingrown toenail may include improper nail trimming, tight footwear, trauma to the nail bed, and genetic predisposition.


Diagnosis involves the examination of the nail bed by a physician and, if necessary, X-rays.


Treatment may involve conservative methods (such as the use of anti-inflammatory drugs) or surgical removal of the ingrown nail.


Preventive measures include proper nail trimming, wearing comfortable footwear, and avoiding nail bed trauma.


For the diagnosis and treatment of an ingrown toenail, one should consult a surgeon or orthopedic specialist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.