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What is a Shoulder Dislocation?

Description of the condition

A shoulder dislocation is a condition in which the upper end of the shoulder bone slips out of the shoulder joint. This typically occurs due to injury, such as falling on an outstretched arm.


  • Anterior dislocation
  • Posterior dislocation


Symptoms include pain, swelling, and a feeling of instability in the shoulder.


Causes of shoulder dislocation can be trauma, sports injuries, or congenital anomalies of the shoulder joint.


Diagnosis is made through clinical examination, X-rays, and MRI.


Treatment may involve wearing a sling, physiotherapy, rehabilitation, or, in some cases, surgical intervention.


Prevention includes strengthening the muscles around the shoulder joint, avoiding injuries, and properly supporting the shoulder joint during sports activities.


The physician treating shoulder dislocation is an orthopedic surgeon.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.