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What are Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)?

Description of the disease

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are infectious diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact. They can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms.


  • Bacterial STIs
  • Viral STIs
  • Parasitic STIs


The symptoms of STIs can vary depending on the specific infection, but they typically include irritation or discharge from the genitalia, itching, pain during urination, etc.


STIs are transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. Some STIs can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth.


Diagnosis of STIs involves laboratory tests for the presence of infection, as well as examinations by a doctor.


Treatment of STIs usually involves antibiotics, antiviral medications, or other methods designed to eliminate the infectious agent.


Prevention of STIs includes the use of condoms, regular check-ups with a doctor, and education about safe sexual practices.


The treatment and diagnosis of STIs is carried out by an infectious disease specialist or a dermatovenerologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.