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Goiter: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention

Description of the disease

Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by various factors such as iodine deficiency, inflammation, tumors, and other disorders.


  • Diffuse goiter
  • Nodular goiter
  • Mixed goiter


Symptoms of goiter may include enlargement of the thyroid gland, difficulty swallowing, feeling of a lump in the throat, voice changes, fatigue.


The causes of goiter may be related to iodine deficiency in the diet, genetic factors, inflammatory processes, thyroid tumors.


Diagnosis of goiter includes ultrasound examination, fine needle aspiration, thyroid hormone level analysis.


Treatment of goiter may include taking iodine-containing preparations, surgical intervention, medication therapy.


Prevention of goiter is based on proper nutrition with sufficient iodine intake, use of iodized salt, and seeking medical attention at the first signs of the disease.


Goiter is treated by an endocrinologist.

Note: This material is provided for informational purposes only and is not medical advice.